Plumbers install, remodel and maintain systems that carry water, steam, air and other liquids or gases necessary for sanitation, industrial production, heating, air conditioning and many other systems. Because they work in all kinds of industries, there are nearly endless work opportunities.
Read blueprints and drawings for plumbing system layouts, water supply networks and waste and drainage systems
Determine piping system requirements and pipe sizing
Measure, cut, thread and bend pipes to required shape and size
Cut opening in walls and floors to accommodate pipe and pipe fittings
Join pipes using clamps, bolts, cement or soldering, brazing and welding equipment
Test pipes for leaks using air and water pressure gauges
What You’ll Need
Usually a combination of 5+ years of construction experience, plus high school, college or industry courses in plumbing to be eligible for certification.
4 years, includes technical training, on-the-job training and exam. Journeyperson certificate awarded after successful completion. As an apprentice, you also earn while you learn.
Key Skills & Attributes
(technical training and on the job)
Strong communication, reading and numeracy and problem-solving
Boilermakers build, repair, test and maintain all types of boilers, tanks and pressure vessels and related metal products for building manufacturing and industrial processes in heavy industry. They perform structural and plate work on dust, air, gas, steam, oil, water and other liquid-tight containers.
Lay out patterns and fit and weld parts together
Install, repair and maintain boilers and heavy-metal products
Electricians install new electrical systems and test, replace, upgrade and service existing systems in all types of buildings and structures. There's also growing demand for specialized work with controls, fiber optics and communication and computer networks.
Read and interpret blueprints, maps, drawings and specifications
Test and measure voltage, loads, ground faults integrity of circuits
Heating, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC) and refrigeration mechanics install, troubleshoot and repair entire heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration systems such as residential central air conditioning and commercial and industrial refrigeration and air conditioning systems.
Measure and install refrigeration and air conditioning components
Replace components for heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration systems
Sprinklerfitters build, install, inspect, maintain and repair sprinkler systems on industrial, commercial and residential sites. They can be self-employed or work with construction firms, plumbing contractors, heating and air conditioning companies, building developers or sprinkler system contractors.
Build and install products such as eavestroughs, air and heat ducts, roof decking and sheet metal buildings